Lazy Monday

Most of my days are lazy lately. But this is recipe is becoming a bit of a staple for me. to be honest. It’s a little complicated, but the result is just so much fun and tasty. Besides… who doesn’t like hot dogs??

This is a recipe from a new favorite of mine for vegetarian and vegan cooking, written by a couple of native Angelinos called Lust for Leaf. What’s really neat about vegan cooking, I’m discovering, is that you can make your own meat and dairy products. Personally, I find that very empowering. (I think I already talked about this in another post when I got excited about the idea of flax eggs.)

HK Dogs

Makes 8 dogs

By Alex Brown and Evan George in Lust for Leaf

  • 1/4 c. almond meal
  • 1 c. silken tofu
  • 1 tbsp Better Than Bouillon mushroom stock
  • 2/3 c. water
  • 3 tbsp grapeseed oil
  • 1 c. wheat gluten (I used 1 c. flour + xanthan gum… they didn’t firm up quite enough, so 2 tbsp rather than 2 tsp gum might do the trick)
  • 1 tsp arrowroot (used cornstarch)
  • 2 tbsp paprika
  • 1 tbsp onion powder
  • 1 tsp sugar
  • 1 tsp granulated garlic
  • 1/2 tsp liquid smoke
  • 1/2 tsp mustard seeds
  • 1/2 tsp ground mace
  • 1/2 tsp ground cardamom
  • 1/2 tsp ground coriander
  • wax paper
  • aluminum foil (optional)
  • non-stick spray

1. Put the almond meal, liquid smoke, sugar, spices, oil, and tofu in a blender. Process.

2. Combine water and bouillon in a cup, then whisk in arrowroot (or cornstarch).

3. Add the broth to the mixture in the blender and process. “Stop and smell; it should smell like a processed hot dog. If it doesn’t, you’ve done something wrong.”

4. Dump mixture into a bowl and stir in wheat gluten (or flour + xanthan gum) until it’s good and mushy.

5. Get a pot with a steamer and add 4 cups of water. Set that on high with the lid on and leave alone for now.

6. Cut out 8 rolls of wax paper and lightly coat with the non-stick spray. Roughly divide the mush into 8 equal parts, and proceed to roll ‘em up. You should aim for them to be about 6″ long when rolled out into an even log shape. Twist the ends of the wax paper tightly, set aside, and repeat.

7. Set them into the steamer basket, supporting them with pieces of foil to help keep their shape if necessary. Steam for about 50 minutes and let them sit in the wax paper to firm up when finished cooking. Remove from casing before storing so they don’t stick.

8. To prepare, grill or saute in a pan over high heat.

-

I’ve only made this twice so far, but it seems so versatile (and so handy to just have a stack of wieners in the fridge to pick at during the week). Like, take out the paprika, cardamom and mace, replace with diced garlic, nutritional yeast, and triple the bouillon for a cheesy garlic sausage. Or add a little more liquid smoke, some cayenne, thyme, a dash of cumino, and you might have more of an andouille. The possibilities seem to be endless!

I’m currently looking up alternatives to kitchen staples such as foil and wax paper, and I think parchment (made from renewably-sourced, unbleached material) may be the way to go as it’s compostable.

Zero Waste POC

I’ve been hanging out with my cousins for a few days to get away from being stuck at home with my grandmother, and I’ve been doing lots of cooking and grocery shopping. (She’s gonna show me how to make red sauce out of the raw chiles! Finally! This is a skill I’m sure Canada will be glad to have acquired when I get up there.)

But today we went to a Mexican market to pic up some stuff here in Glendora and I realized just how much Latinos have been into reusing stuff for basically ever. Cloth menstrual pads, bags, everything. We were doing it way before it was cool. And part of that is the poverty thing, but part of it is also a cultural thing. Thriftiness, resourcefulness, those tend to be values that are passed down among us because it’s important for us to remember where we came from and how we got to where we are. (In my case, that wasn’t passed down, unfortunately. I don’t know what part of Mexico my great-great grandmothers came from, and I don’t know what they were trying to get away from in coming here. The Revolution is my theory.)

Photo courtesy of Flavors of the Sun.

The bulk bins are rarely ever fancy, or hell, even sanitary-looking by yuppie standards. But fancy is kind of the antithesis of thrifty and green, isn’t it? (I’d do well to remember this too.) If you’ve ever been into a shabby-looking “ethnic” market, you’ll know, as soon as you step inside, that the store knows exactly who their patrons are, and rarely do they ever need to win them over with pretty displays. Price and quality trumps everything else. My rule of thumb when it comes to Asian and Mexican stores and restaurants is the less they try to visually impress their customers, the better their goods are likely to be.

Photo courtesy of D Brown Cooks.

I’d started to realize just how zero waste some of these ugly stores, tucked away in unassuming strip malls, often were. I was in a store that was only a few blocks away from where I live in Pasadena, in the “ghetto”, when I asked if I could have my pico de gallo packed into a stainless container. When the lady behind the counter obliged without much of a second thought, I knew that I’d hit the jackpot. I could probably get meat (if I still bought it) and cheese packed that way if I asked nicely. I could get my ceviche zero waste-style too.

The store that I’d gone to with my cousin today though, was practically as stocked with bulk products and package-free produce as that store I’d gone to in Portland, even though this was deep in the buttcrack of working class LA suburbia. They had bulk bins for nuts, flours, sugar, cereal, Mexican candy, beans, rice, chiles, and even pet food. It was an amazing reminder that POC, especially immigrants, seem to have a much better grasp of what kind of impact they have on the places and people around them. Not that it’s even born of a desire to be more “eco-friendly”, but I think it’s values. Don’t take shit, especially food, for granted. Know where your money’s going. How much it costs to support your family. Where you can save and cut corners. Why buy new if you can get it from a thrift store? And so on and so forth.

This is a big reason why people of color and non-white ethnicities are alienated from the vast majority of the green movement. There’s an assumption that everyone needs to do things differently, but what they don’t realize is that some groups have been doing this for generations, all while white people have historically derided them for it. And now suddenly, shopping from bulk bins and buying used is “in”.

And I’m definitely not alone in pointing this sore spot out. Here’s a very good piece written by a South Asian-American talking about their frustrating relationship with the backyard farming/organic food movement.

We need to acknowledge this unsavory history and tendency toward racism and colonialism in the various green movements. And until we can do that, people of color will never be on board with the mainstream movement. (Some, however, never want to be. And I can’t blame them.)

I’ve thought about listing these stores on Bea’s “Bulk” app, which maps out user-submitted stores that sell items in bulk or without packaging (aside from produce, I believe). And then I decided not to. What good would it do? I don’t want these stores inundated with ZW-minded yuppies who would have otherwise found these amazing places dirty or uncomfortable, who are only shopping there for lifestyle reasons. They have their bulk stores– Whole Foods, Sprouts, and so on. They don’t need ours too. At least, not until they wholeheartedly accept and embrace the culture and neighborhoods that they serve. And you all are just not there yet, I’m afraid.

The Aztecs of Mexico: A Zero Waste Society

The Aztecs of Mexico A Zero Waste Society

Proud to have a little bit of this heritage in me.

By the year 1519, when the Spaniards arrived, Mexico-Tenochtitlán had a population of over 200,000. It was the largest city in the Americas, and one of the largest in the world — bigger than any European city at the time. Its size, orderliness and cleanliness impressed the Spaniards. The city, laid out on a grid plan (which can be seen in the background of the fresco image at top of the page) that covered over 12 square km, was the centre of the most powerful empire in Mesoamerica at the time. Due to the abundance of water and sunlight, as well as a temperate climate, the chinampas were highly productive, producing up to four crops a year, and about two-thirds of the food consumed in the city.

Another important factor in maintaining that high productivity was the intensive recycling of nutrients. The Aztecs disposed of all kinds of organic wastes in the chinampas (artificial islands), such as food leftovers and agricultural residues, which fertilized the crops. Further, the most valuable fertilizer used on the chinampas was human excrement. With other uses, such as for tanning leather, the excrement was so valued that the city had a network of public latrines from which it was collected and eventually sold at the city’s main market.

Human urine was used as a mordant (fixative) in the dyeing of fabrics, and, thus also considered a resource. Nearly every household had ceramic containers used to store urine in order to sell it. In Aztec times, Mexico did not have cattle, sheep, goats or chickens (they were introduced by the Europeans), but the Aztecs consumed animal protein from turkeys, ducks, deer, fish, and other wild animals. They also raised a breed of dog they called itzcuintli for human consumption, feeding them food leftovers.

Read the whole article here!

Five R’s

I know that Bea has one, and another prominent ZW blogger has one, but I like this one the best.

Someone references these in the documentary Inside the Garbage of the World, but there wasn’t any follow-up to it in the interview. Also, the 4th R can mean much, much more than I think the interviewee really intended.

Refuse

This is the first line of defense against garbage. Just don’t have anything to do with it to begin with! Keep it out of your life, and you won’t have to deal with the rest of the R’s. It’s not necessarily that simple, though. Refusing something, whether it’s a freebie or a gift, is often seen as perplexing at best, and horrendously rude at worst. What helps is to reiterate that your refusal isn’t related to your ego, but rather your ethical obligations to the environment.

Reduce

If you bring an item into your world, then bring in less of it, or as little of it as possible. Buy the least complex version of the thing as possible– keep it simple in terms of packaging, assembly, usage, all those fun things. For a rather extreme example, can you guess which comes with less packaging and parts: my breathing washer, or a typical washing machine? I think you can guess the answer~

Reuse

This one’s pretty straight forward: if you acquire something new, make sure you can use it indefinitely. Reuse spaghetti sauce jars, for example. Or when you’re done reading the paper, use it to pick up the dog poo, wrap gifts with it, or use it for package fill. And so on. This should be done with everything that will eventually reach the end of it’s life serving the purpose it was made for.

Reclaim

This one was going to be at the end, but it made more sense to put it here since recycling should be a last resort, given how truly wasteful it is. Anyways, this is the big one. Reclaim. In a way, this usurps Bea’s “Rot”, since that’s technically reclaiming the nutrients in your inedible food scraps, and also eventually reclaiming your soil if it’s in poor shape. This also has much broader implications, though. Reclaim your community (from powerlessness, from isolation, from HOAs). Reclaim your streets (from trash, from ugliness, from cars). Reclaim your ecosystems (from pollution, from over-use, from invasive species). Reclaim your government (make your lawmakers work for YOU). Reclamation, I feel, is the real heart of activism. Go out there and remember that we’re working to get back things that we once had, things that were taken from us. Things haven’t always been this way. Remember that.

Recycle

This goes last because it doesn’t even meet the minimum requirements for sustainability, to be frank. Paper, plastic, and other miscellaneous recyclable materials like foam, fabric, etc., aren’t truly recyclable: they get downcycled. They don’t get repurposed into something of equal or greater value, their material integrity degrades with every reincarnation, and recycling is simply delaying their inevitable fate in the landfill. Metal and glass fare a bit better, but the energy that goes into recycling metal is huge, and it’s almost just as toxic as processing the original virgin material. Glass, I feel, is the best we’ve got when it comes to recycling. It doesn’t take as many resources to process glass, and in the case of returnable milk bottles, all it takes is a thorough washing! But while recycling is far from the ideal that many common folk make it out to be, it’s certainly better than throwing it in the garbage.

Best Vegan Sammy

I like preparing vegan food a lot even though I’m not actually vegan– hell, I’m not even vegetarian. I do eat more meat than I’d like, just due to the nature of my family functions and such. But ideally, I’d eat it only during special occasions, and only free-range or pastured. It’s how our pastorial ancestors lived for the most part, and it’s that way of life that I’d like to connect with much more.

Eating simple vegan meals also keeps my cooking routine ridiculously easy most of the time too. I mean, things CAN get complicated if you’re wanting to bake or make “cheese” or “sausage”, but that kind of experimentation happens only once in a while. I have my list of veggie staples, I have my small arsenal of pantry items (which are all very versatile), and that’s it. Sure, it’s fun to go out and get a nice, big, complex meal someplace, but I don’t need to do that at home. Take the sandwich for example: bread, condiment, insides. You don’t need to make a roasted this, or a smoked that, or a such-in-such reduction for it. Keep it simple!

Enter this 4-ingredient sandwich (modified from this one from Oh She Glows). It can be pretty darned zero-waste (though sadly my tahini, which I’m currently addicted to, came in a plastic tub… how disappointed I am, Trader Joe’s!) if you’re lucky, too.

Wow this picture sucks!

Easy Vegan Sammy

  • Toasted bread
  • Tahini
  • Tomato
  • Avocado
  • Salt
  • Pepper
  • Olive Oil
  • Cheese would probably be tasty too? Though not very vegan?

Yep, that’s it. The recipe I based this off of (if you can even call it a recipe lol) calls for hummus and pesto. Honestly, I’ve been there, done that. The problem is that it’s a lot of mush, and will kind of make your sandwich taste like mush too. You have to put quite a bit of hummus in a sammy in order to get that good hummus-y flavor too, so why not just skip all the filler and go straight for the zingy, flavorful tahini? This recipe is even easier, technically… being  zero-waste and all, you’d have to make your own pesto otherwise. I mean, you could make your own tahini too, but I didn’t have such a good go at it last time, heh. I’ll try when I get myself a food processor.

Anyways, this combination is amazing, IMO. I had one of these for dinner last night, and I had the one pictured just now for breakfast. Yum.

And yes, those are tiny avocados.

The Ruckus Society on Eco-Justice

I like this site. These are some great ideas on how we all can take an active role in doing something about climate change, which is what I feel like most people see as being a herculean task that they’re just not cut out for. Not so! Everything helps, though I’d say the most important thing is to avoid the temptation to de-politicize your actions, especially in explaining what you’re doing and why to others. What we really need to do, though, is organize ourselves into real communities with a real sense of accountability, where we can support each other in making personal changes as well as having a stable foundation for holding our businesses and politicians accountable.

One of the real big messages that I liked from watching/reading No Impact Man, and one that the film spent just a few seconds on, was the idea of accountability, and how the western lifestyle has nearly eradicated the concept of it. Beyond the nuclear family, there is no accountability from one neighbor to the next, one city to the next, one region to the next. We need to remember how our actions affect others, how they exist in a great big web of cause-and-effect, and nobody exists outside of it. Build up your communities an get organized!

This is a Ruckus Society list-in-progress of ideas for actions that we can all take to help turn climate justice and sustainable communities into reality.

Ideas range from individual actions that we can all take in our homes and offices, to ways that our communities can reclaim the commons, to direct actions against corporations and governments.

We believe that ecological and climate justice is only attainable by taking action at all of these levels – from the personal to the global.  We need to implement the kinds of solutions our world needs while demanding the same from global destructive powers.

Thanks to folks from the Ruckus network and Movement Generation for helping generate this list so far!

Please feel free to send us more ideas for this list, and stories and photos of you and your community in action, to be featured on our website!  (Contact: ruckus@ruckus.org).


SUSTAINABLE HOME

  • Install Composting Toilets
  • Buy local food – support your local farmers
  • Install Greywater Systems (especially in cities where greywater is not yet legalized), including:
    • roof rainwater catchment systems
    • use a 5 gallon water drum in shower or under sinks to use excess water for flushing toilets, watering the garden, etc.

COMMUNITY RECLAMATION

  • Create Liberated Streets/Liberated Zones (take over intersections and use for community activities – check out these folks from Portland)
  • Rip out Sidewalk and Plant Fruit Trees
  • Organize Seed Drops in public places, with follow-up care
  • Mass Detox (work with mushroom experts) to detox brownfields, 9th ward, etc
  • Distribute Citations for Climate Pollution, Fake Parking Tickets on SUVs
  • Guerrilla Garden, including taking over rooftops, or yards of abandoned buildings, and turning them into garden spaces
  • Set up Community Gardens
  • Occupy bank-possessed foreclosed homes
  • Reclaim the commons:
    • Water harvesting
    • Slow, spread, sink, store water for community use
  • Participate in/organize Critical Mass Bike rides in your town
  • Organize Mass Public-Transit days
  • Distribute/Share Public Food in Public Spaces
  • Organize Local Bulk-Food purchasing for your neighborhood
  • Occupy abandoned land and claim it for the people with a body of activists who hold external line, and a body of gardeners who get the land detoxified and started for growth
  • Reclaim grass for food
  • Build Living-Food Walls
  • Redistribute Solar Panels
  • Perform a Climate Justice Puppet Show
  • Attend the U.S. Social Forum
  • Bison Commons – rip out rancher fences
  • Attend Freedom Summer in Appalachia

CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY

  • De-Greenwash stores/corporations that pretend to be eco-friendly while practicing multi-national de-localization schemes (this could include turning their landscaping into garden spaces)
  • Guerrilla Garden/Concrete removal at Corporate HQ/CEO’s homes
  • Guerrilla label GMOs, carbon footprint, etc. on products in stores
  • Pull Crops: Weeding actions against Mono-crops, GMOs and AgroFuels
  • “Get your head out of the Tar Sands” (action with ostrich suits at offices of corporate Tar Sands investors – check out this action)
  • Actions against OFFSETS: Smokestacks to ploughshares
  • Climate safety testing actions- health and safety, climate footprint, impact
  • Climate justice crime scenes
  • Animals for the Ethical Treatment of Humans- actions in front of places with excessive consumption

GLOBAL DEMANDS

  • Chair Action- demand “A Seat at the Table” of any place that decisions are being made (groups of individuals can bring their own chairs to decision-making offices)
  • Make a Citizens Arrest of Climate Criminals

The Guardian: Limits to Growth was right. New research says we’re nearing collapse

Four decades after the book was published, Limit to Growth’s forecasts have been vindicated by new Australian research. Expect the early stages of global collapse to start appearing soon
Piles of crushed cars at a metal recycling site in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Piles of crushed cars at a metal recycling site in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Photograph: Alamy

The 1972 book Limits to Growth, which predicted our civilisation would probably collapse some time this century, has been criticised as doomsday fantasy since it was published. Back in 2002, self-styled environmental expert Bjorn Lomborg consigned it to the “dustbin of history”.

It doesn’t belong there. Research from the University of Melbourne has found the book’s forecasts are accurate, 40 years on. If we continue to track in line with the book’s scenario, expect the early stages of global collapse to start appearing soon.

Limits to Growth was commissioned by a think tank called the Club of Rome. Researchers working out of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, including husband-and-wife team Donella and Dennis Meadows, built a computer model to track the world’s economy and environment. Called World3, this computer model was cutting edge.

The task was very ambitious. The team tracked industrialisation, population, food, use of resources, and pollution. They modelled data up to 1970, then developed a range of scenarios out to 2100, depending on whether humanity took serious action on environmental and resource issues. If that didn’t happen, the model predicted “overshoot and collapse” – in the economy, environment and population – before 2070. This was called the “business-as-usual” scenario.

The book’s central point, much criticised since, is that “the earth is finite” and the quest for unlimited growth in population, material goods etc would eventually lead to a crash.

So were they right? We decided to check in with those scenarios after 40 years. Dr Graham Turner gathered data from the UN (its department of economic and social affairs, Unesco, the food and agriculture organisation, and the UN statistics yearbook). He also checked in with the US national oceanic and atmospheric administration, the BP statistical review, and elsewhere. That data was plotted alongside the Limits to Growth scenarios.

The results show that the world is tracking pretty closely to the Limits to Growth “business-as-usual” scenario. The data doesn’t match up with other scenarios.

These graphs show real-world data (first from the MIT work, then from our research), plotted in a solid line. The dotted line shows the Limits to Growth “business-as-usual” scenario out to 2100. Up to 2010, the data is strikingly similar to the book’s forecasts.

limits to growth

Solid line: MIT, with new research in bold. Dotted line: Limits to Growth ‘business-as-usual’ scenario.


limits to growth

Solid line: MIT, with new research in bold. Dotted line: Limits to Growth ‘business-as-usual’ scenario. Photograph: Supplied


limits to growth

Solid line: MIT, and research in bold. Dotted line: Limits to Growth ‘business-as-usual’ scenario. Photograph: Supplied


Read the rest of the article.

The problem, once again, is capitalism and stratification. We have enough food to feed everyone right now. We have enough water. No, it’s not necessarily going to be upper-middle-class comfortable, but it’s definitely doable to sustain the population we have right now without the sheer amount of suffering and misery so many people currently have to endure. The problem is that evening out the standards of living for everyone (lowering it for some, raising it for many), doing away with industrial farming, agriculture, fishing, logging, mining, etc., isn’t profitable. Leaving traditional and subsistence communities to their ways of life, letting them eat their traditional foods, instead of forcing them into what is essentially sharecropping, isn’t profitable. Providing a living wage for every worker on the planet isn’t profitable. Ceasing to brainwash the developed nations into mindless consumerism, ceasing to implement planned obsolescence, isn’t profitable.

Population growth isn’t the problem; poverty is. Poverty is the #1 cause of high birth rates. And no, poverty doesn’t beget poverty– wealth begets poverty.

As they say, yannow…

More Bread Recipes

Here’s a few more that I’ve stumbled across lately that have worked out really well for me. Oh, and because my partner has become a bit interested in the paleo diet, there’s a couple paleo breads in here too. (Haven’t tried them, but they sound pretty good!)

 

German Pancakes
Recipe from Seitan is My Motor

  • 1 3/4 c. flour (I just used 2 c. all-purpose flour)
  • 1/4 c. chickpea flour
  • 2 tbsp sugar
  • 1 generous pinch salt
  • 2 1/2 c. soy milk
  • 1 tbsp oil
  • 1/2 tsp baking powder
  • 1/4 c. water
  • oil for frying

In a large bowl combine flours, sugar, salt, soy milk and oil. Whisk until no lumps are left and let the batter rest for 30 minutes. Add oil to a large pan and set the heat to medium. Whisk baking powder and water into the batter and use a ladle to pour into the pan. Tilt the pan so the batter spreads evenly. You want the pancake as thin as possible, but thicker than a crêpe. Fry for 1 or 2 minutes. When the edges start to brown but the centre is still a bit wet, flip pancake and bake the other side, also for 1-2 minutes.

 

Herb-Lime Bread Dumplings
Recipe also from Seitan is My Motor

(For a more traditional version substitute fresh parsley for the herbs and leave out the lime zest.)

  • 1 1/2 to 2 c. stale bread
  • 1-2 c. unsweetened soy milk
  • zest from one lime
  • 2 tbsp packed basil chiffonade
  • 2 tbsp packed lemon balm chiffonade
  • 2 tbsp fried onions
  • 1 tbsp flour
  • salt and pepper to taste

Cut the stale bread into cubes and place in a large bowl. Add the soy milk and let sit for 30-60 minutes, or until the bread is mushy. Stir from time to time to cover every piece of bread with milk. Add more milk if necessary. The dough should be like bread dough that you just started kneading: very sticky but manageable. You are going to turn it into balls later, so it should have the right consistency. (Sticky but firm. Not mushy.) Add the remaining ingredients, mix and knead the dough with your hands until all ingredients are well combined and shape into 7 round dumplings (a little bit smaller than a tennis ball). Set aside.

In a large pot, bring 8-10 cups of lightly salted water to a boil. Reduce the heat to a simmer. Add 4 dumplings and simmer for 20 minutes. Remove and drain. Repeat with the remaining dumplings.

 

Microwave Paleo Bread
From Paleo Living Magazine

  • 1/3 c. almond flour
  • 1 tbsp flax meal or coconut flour
  • 1/2 tsp baking powder
  • 1 whisked egg
  • 2 1/2 tbsp oil, ghee, or melted vegan butter
  • pinch of salt

Grease a mug. Mix together all the ingredients with a fork and pour mixture into mug. Microwave for 90 seconds on high.

 

Single Serve Paleo Bread
From Healthy Serves One

  • 1 tbsp almond meal
  • 1 tbsp seed meal or coconut flour
  • 1/4 tsp baking soda
  • splash of apple cider vinegar
  • 1 whisked egg
  • pinch of salt
  • olive oil

Mix dry ingredients in a bowl, adding cider vinegar. Let fizz for a minute, then add whisked egg. Grease a mug with the oil, add batter, and microwave for 90 seconds on high. Cut in half and serve.